Tasks and focus of the Institute

Old Testament Studies concerns the cultural heritage of ancient Israel, the Old Testament and the history of its effects from the beginning to our time. Thus the history of literature of the Old Testament, the history of Syria-Palestine in the 2nd and 1st millenium BC, the history of religion and theology of ancient Israel as well as the north-western semitic languages, particularly Biblical Hebrew and Biblical Aramaic belong to the research fields of Old Testament Studies.

As a discipline concerned with the ancient Near East, Old Testament Studies cooperates with Assyriology, Egyptology, Semitic Studies, Classical Philology and Judaism. As a theological discipline, Old Testament Studies at the same time is in dialogue with New Testament Studies, Church History as well as Systematic and Practical Theology.

Biblical Archaeology does interdisciplinary research of the material culture of Palestine into the Islamic time

Biblical Archaeology (Archaeology of Palestine) concerns the material culture of Palestine from prehistoric into Islamic time (for instance architecture, ceramics, numismatics, sigillography), and places the focus on the Palestinian local cultures of the 2nd and 1st centuries BC (for instance the Israelites and Judaeans, Ammonites, Moabites, Philistines, Phoenicians, Aramaeans and pre-Islamic Arabs). Biblical Archaeology cooperates in an interdisciplinary way mainly with the Near Eastern, Classical and Christian Archaeology.

The chairs at the Kiel Institute of Old Testament Studies and Biblical Archaeology

At the Kiel Institute of Old Testament Studies and Biblical Archaeology, one of the two chairs (Prof. Dr. Markus Saur) focuses on the reconstruction of the history of theology and literature of ancient Israel. The current emphasis of the work lies on research of psalms and psalters, exegesis of the prophets, particularly the book of Ezekiel and the Dodecapropheton, as well as the interpretation of the Old Testament Wisdom Literature.

The other of the two chairs (Prof. Dr. Ulrich Hübner) has its focus on the subject of Biblical Archaeology. Thus the Kiel institute is one of the few university institutions for this subject in Germany. The current work emphasis is on the investigation of the history and cultures of ancient Jordan (particularly the Edomites and Nabataeans), the history of money and coins of ancient Palestine and the history of research on Palestine in the 19th and early 20th centuries. For several years field archaeological surveys have been carried out in southern Jordan. Moreover the further publication of the temple complex of Kamid el-Loz (Lebanon) of the middle and late bronze age is being prepared.